Innovations and energy-efficiency
Our R&D program is formed by existing problems of the sector and innovative prospects and focuses on engineering of cutting-edge technologies and tools as well as improvement of existing technologies.
R&D projects are related to energy transmission and focus on the following objectives:
- Engineering of devices (including equipment, instruments, hardware/software systems), including functional parts, electrical diagrams or conceptions;
- Engineering of new materials and/or substances;
- Engineering of methods (material processes), for instance, calculating, measuring, testing or technological tools, including those to obtain or produce devices (instruments, materials or substances);
- Engineering of software and hardware and e-databases;
- scientific researches preceding creation of prototypes and experimental samples of new produces (equipment, constructions, technologies, materials, substances, processes, hardware and e-databases)) never used by the sector before.
Proposals added to the R&D program are prepared in accordance with the following researches and developments:
- Fundamental issues related to creation and operations of electric networks as well as theoretical aspects;
- Electric equipment, devices, constructions or materials related to power lines;
- Relay protection and automation of electric networks;
- Telecommunications and IT;
- Reliability, safety and energy efficiency;
- Umbrella infrastructural projects.
The list of R&D themes is as follows:
|Target time to end||2014|
|Results obtained by the end of the reported period||
|Facilities that will implement the results||Installation at a 0.4-kVKilovolt power line supplying 2 villages in the Chelyabinsk region (Chelyabenergo).|
|Expected effect||Enhancement of 0.4-kVKilovolt line operation safety.|
|Target time to end||2015|
|Results obtained by the end of the reported period||Inspection of a pilot line section (consumption modes, technical status and parameters of the lines), analysis of existing problems related to energy supply, evaluation of a potential of various energy resources, outlining autonomous system configuration and supply reservation system, comparison of technical and economical aspects.|
|Facilities that will implement the results||To be determined in the course of R&D process.|
|Expected effect||Enhancement of quality and reliability of energy supply to remote consumers.|
The list of equipment, technologies, materials and systems produced during R&D process:
|Title of produced equipment, technologies, materials and systems||
|Expected effect||Enhanced safety of 0.38-kVKilovolt line operations via detection of one-phase short circuits and phase/neutral wire breaks and timely localization|
|Contract details||#2013236 dd. 01.07.2013, additional agreement #1 dd. 27.09.2013.|
The list of facilities with implemented R&D developments:
|Equipment, technology, material or system||
|Contract details||#2013236 dd. 01.07.2013, additional agreement #1 dd. 27.09.2013|
|Type of implementation (implementation / pilot operation, etc.)||Pilot testing of microprocessor meters with additional functions able to analyze consumer’s voltage and detect abnormal operation modes and transmit a signal to shutdown affected wire.|
|Facility with implemented developments||Installation at a 0.4-kVKilovolt power line supplying 2 villages in the Chelyabinsk region (Chelyabenergo).|
|Implementation results||Pilot exploitation is planned for 2015-2016.|
|Gained effect||in progress|
In 2014 developments from R&D activities demanded no registration of patent rights or ownership. There were no requests regarding the registration of intellectual activities during 2014. In this respect we have not commoditized developments and concluded no licensing contracts.
Information on the training and retraining of the personnel:
|Client||IDGC of Urals|
|TIN of the Client||6671163413|
|Educational facility||TIN||Employees under training in higher education institution (persons)||Money spent on training (RURRussian ruble thousThousand.)||Employees under retraining (persons)||Money spent on retraining (RURRussian ruble thousThousand.)|
|Urals Federal University (UrFu)||6660003190||51||1,145.185||5||113.57|
|South Urals State University (National Research University)||7453019764|
|Perm National Research University||5902291029|
|Petersburg Energy University for Training /Retraining||7810216025|
|Ural State Mining University||6661001004|
|Urals State Forrest Engineering University||6662000973|
|Urals State Railroads University||6659014366|
Energy-saving and efficiency increase activities during 2014 were arranged according to Federal Saving and Efficiency Increase Act #261-FZ, Government Act #340 dd. 15.05.2010 on the procedure for establishing requirements regarding energy-saving and efficiency increase programs for enterprises with regulated services, Government Act #977 dd. 01.12.2009 on investment programs of energy companies (as amended by Government Act #484 dd. 30.06.2010, #1178 dd. 29.12.2011), acts produced by regional tariff regulators (Perm Energy Commission Act #5 dd. 27.04.2010, Sverdlovsk Energy Commission Act #100-PK dd. 25.08.2010 and Chelyabinsk Tariff Regulator Act #16/7 dd. 20.04.2010 on the approval of requirements to energy-saving and efficiency increase programs for enterprises with regulated services) as well as our 2014-2019 energy-saving and efficiency increase program approved by the Board of Directors on 06.12.2013 (protocol #134 dd. 10.12.2013).
To implement the program in the HQHead-quarters and branches, according to Rosseti Decree #561 dd. 09.09.2013 on the arrangement of energy-saving and efficiency increase activities in Rosseti, we have assigned directors responsible for program execution and formed a working group analyzing the execution of the program (Company’s Decree #484 dd. 21.10.2013). According to Rosseti Decree #561 dd. 09.09.2013 and Company’s Decree #277 dd. 25.07.2014 on the diagnostics audit procedure we have arranged a diagnostics audit of the energy management system to see whether it complies with requirements of ISO 50001:2011, State Standard R ISO 50001-2012. According to Company’s Decree #116 dd. 12.03.2014 on the preparation and implementation of the energy management system, professionals from Urals Interregional Certifying Center (Ekaterinburg) arranged training and consultations related to the build-up and implementation of the energy management system in compliance with ISO 50001:2011, State Standard R ISO 50001-2012.
Target indicators under the program are as follows:
- energy losses during transmission and distribution;
- resource consumption for economic needs;
- equipment implementation according to the program.
Target indicators of the program are approved for 2014-2019. Target and actual figures for 2014 are disclosed in the table below:
|Energy losses including:||mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour||5 764,73||5 588,47|
|% to overall supply||7,9||7,6|
|Consumption for in-house needs on substations||mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour||108,1||95,8|
|Consumption for economic needs, including||RURRussian ruble mnMillion||283,37||276,55|
|Fuel and energy, namely:||ThousThousand. t.o.e||40,20||39,35|
|RURRussian ruble mnMillion||0,07||0,07|
|Toe per m² of floor space||276,88||271,52|
|Electric energy||mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour||87,54||86,26|
|RURRussian ruble mnMillion||212,62||205,52|
|Thermal energy||GcalGiga calorie||65 718,02||63 637,34|
|RURRussian ruble mnMillion||63,28||65,33|
|RURRussian ruble mnMillion||0,97||0,67|
|Other (diesel, kerosene, petrol, etc.)||ThousThousand. t.o.e||0,00||0,00|
|RURRussian ruble mnMillion||0,00||0,00|
|Hot water supply||thousThousand. m³||26,66||29,59|
|RURRussian ruble mnMillion||0,89||0,80|
|Cold water supply||thousThousand. m³||190,83||173,37|
|RURRussian ruble mnMillion||5,61||4,23|
The program includes target and companion subprograms, including loss reduction during energy transmission and consumption reduction by Company’s facilities. All measures stipulated by the program, in their turn, are divided into organizational and technical. Target subprograms include measures implemented to ensure energy and water consumption reduction by no less than 15% of overall annual consumption, pay-back period for 80% of investments totaling 5 years for energy and water consumption for production and economic needs and pay-back period not exceeding 10 years for measures implemented to ensure loss reduction during transmission and distribution. Companion subprograms include measures with positive energy efficiency that do not comply with target-program relevancy criteria.
The target effect for the program for 2014 was 151.08 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 375.27 mnMillion in natural and monetary terms, including subprograms – target programs (75.78 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 191.12 mnMillion) and non-target programs (75.31 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 184.15 mnMillion), including:
- program related to perspective development of metering system (72.33 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 178.08 mnMillion);
- program related to upgrade and reconstruction (2.46 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 4.80 mnMillion);
- non-target economic needs and other activities (0.52 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 1.27 mnMillion).
As of 2014 the effect totaled 188.11 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 438.48 mnMillion far beyond the target, including subprograms – target programs (110.57 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 265.26 mnMillion), non-target programs (77.54 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 173.23 mnMillion), including:
- program related to perspective development of metering system (75.43 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 169.63 mnMillion);
- program related to upgrade and reconstruction (1.92 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 3.08 mnMillion);
- non-target economic needs and other activities (0.19 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 0.52 mnMillion).
The effect from measures retaining losses at existing level totaled 31.99 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 80.9 mnMillion. Expenses incurred to implement the measures totaled RURRussian ruble 732.08 mnMillion. The program was financed by the investment (RURRussian ruble 669.07 mnMillion) and repair programs (RURRussian ruble 63.01 mnMillion).
Technological effect from target measures decreasing energy losses totaled 109.21 mnMillion kWhKilowatt/hour and RURRussian ruble 262.65 mnMillion. Key target measures are: hermetization of buildings (replacement of window and entrance units, installation of air curtains), replacement of incandescent lamps for energy-saving or LED lamps, replacement of DRL-250 type lamps for energy-saving lamps of similar type, repair of heating system: replacement of electric boilers for induction boilers. The effect from target measures reducing consumption for economic needs totaled 73 t.o.e. and RURRussian ruble 0.99 mnMillion (targets - 83 t.o.e and RURRussian ruble 1.05 mnMillion.).
Measures related to the consumption reduction for economic needs were accomplished in full. Targets for the replacement of incandescent lamps for energy-saving lamps were not achieved mainly due to financing cuts.